Sumatra Coffee World Famous
Sumatra Coffee is Famous Around The World
Sumatra Coffee – The Pride of Medan Sumatra. Even Starbucks ( international chain of coffee shops ) serves and retails Sumatra Coffee around the world! see below…
So we dig around and present you more information on the world famous coffee and coffee beans of Sumatra. The island of Sumatra produces 70% of Indonesia’s income and is home to over 38 million people.
Arabica coffee production in Sumatra Indonesia began in the 18th century under Dutch colonial domination. Introduced first to the northern region of Aceh around Lake Tawar, these beans are known for producing a coffee that has a unique taste with a variety of flavors, which are attributed to the methods in which the beans were processed.
Coffee is still widely produced in these northern regions of Aceh (Takengon, Bener Mariah) as well as in the Lake Toba region (Lintong Nihuta, Dairi-Sidikalang, Siborongborong, Dolok Sanggul, and Seribu Dolok) to the southwest of Medan.
In the past, Sumatra coffees have not been sold by region, because presumably the regional differences are not that distinct. Rather, the quality of the picking, preparation and processing of the coffee determines much of the cup character in this coffee.
Nowadays, the coffee beans are marketed under the regional names where they were grown. For instance, Sumatra Lintong or Sumatra Mandheling, some of the finest traditional coffees, come from a small region just west of Lake Toba in the district of Lintongnihuta. Small farmers grow coffee on tiny plots of clay soil, scattered over high, rolling plateaus, thick with ferns. This coffee grows without shade and no chemicals are used.
After they are picked, the farmers remove the skins from the coffee cherries. Their backyard methods of accomplishing this task are quite picturesque; using rickety machines made from scrap metal, wood and bicycle parts. Then the beans are stuffed into woven bags to ferment overnight. The following day, the beans are washed by hand to clean off the remaining fruit pulp. Next, they are dried in the farmer’s front yard before going to a middleman’s warehouse, where they undergo more drying. Finally, the beans are loaded on trucks and taken to the coffee exporter at the seaport of Medan, where they are dried for the third and last time.
Beans from the Sumatra Gayo Mountain, the Aceh area, are less well known than the Lintong and Mandheling ones. These coffee beans are grown in a small mountain valley which surrounds Lake Tawar and the town of Takengon. They are grown in the shade and without any chemicals. The processing methods used here vary widely and have an effect upon the flavors. Some beans are processed by small farmers who use the traditional Sumatran method of washing them in the backyard. The coffee brewed from these beans resembles the Lintong and Mandheling coffees and are often sold by Medan exporters in Indonesia.
However, the Aceh beans that you are most likely to encounter in US coffee shops and sales, come from a large mill which uses a meticulous wet method for processing them. It follows international standards and is certified organic by a Dutch agency. These Gayo Mountain Washed beans produce a brew that is similar in flavor to the Lintong/Mandheling.
This mill also processes beans using a semi-dry method in which the outer skin of the coffee cherry is removed, leaving the beans covered with a sticky material. Next, they are sundried. These beans, marketed as Gayo Mountain Unwashed produce an excellent, full-bodied coffee, after roasting.
Experts on coffee say that the unique processing methods, as well as the three steps in drying the beans, have an effect upon the complex flavors of Sumatra coffee. Some coffee enthusiasts view Sumatra Coffee as one of the world’s finest, ideal for dark roasting. Since almost all of the beans from Sumatra are produced by small farmers, most are certified Fair Trade as well as Organic. Don’t overlook this excellent coffee when purchasing either ground or whole beans.
Sumatra by Starbucks Coffee
“Sumatra Coffee by Starbucks has a full, syrupy body with virtually no acidity – so the coffee’s intensity lingers in your mouth. The concentrated spicy, herbal notes and earthy aroma are the telltale signatures of this well-loved coffee.” – Starbucks
So you now know, even Starbucks serves and retails Sumatra Coffee, why not try some locally produced and local branded Sumatra Coffee when you are in Medan. There are many local brands of Coffee sold in Medan Supermarket.
Some Brands of Sumatra Coffees:
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